COSEE Ocean Systems: News
News Items for Concept "Ocean heat storage"
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11.15.2017 Spatio-temporal variability of lightning and convective activity over South/South-East Asia with an emphasis during El Niño and La Niña Atmospheric Research Expert Summary
11.08.2017 King tides cause flooding in Florida in fall 2017 NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
11.06.2017 Highlights of the Findings of the U.S. Global Change Research Program Climate Science Special Report U.S. Global Change Research Program Basic Full Text
11.04.2017 Climate change preview? Pacific Ocean 'blob' appears to take toll on Alaska cod Seattle Times Basic Full Text
10.12.2017 NASA Pinpoints Cause of Earth's Recent Record Carbon Dioxide Spike NASA Basic Full Text
10.01.2017 Response of the North Atlantic dynamic sea level and circulation to Greenland meltwater and climate change in an eddy-permitting ocean model Climate Dynamics Expert Summary
09.08.2017 Hurricanes Are Sweeping The Atlantic. What's The Role Of Climate Change? MPBN (Maine Public Broadcasting Network) Basic Full Text
08.31.2017 Just 1°C of ocean warming can upend marine ecosystems Science / AAAS Basic Full Text
08.10.2017 25 years of global sea level data, and counting NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
08.08.2017 On the Persistence and Coherence of Subpolar Sea Surface Temperature and Salinity Anomalies Associated with the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA) Basic Full Text
07.24.2017 Study: Indian monsoons have strengthened over past 15 years Massachusetts Institute of Technology Basic Full Text
07.21.2017 Atlantic/Pacific Ocean Temperature Difference Fuels US Wildfires Institute for Basic Science (South Korea) Basic Full Text
07.13.2017 South Atlantic agreement takes on board questions too big to be solved alone Horizon (the EU Research & Innovation magazine) Basic Full Text
06.21.2017 The ocean predicts future Arctic climate University of Bergen Basic Full Text
06.13.2017 NASA-MIT study evaluates efficiency of oceans as heat sink, atmospheric gases sponge NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
06.08.2017 A tribute to the world's oceans: why we couldn't survive without them Myanmar Times Basic Full Text
05.25.2017 2017 hurricane forecast calls for above-normal season in Atlantic CBS News Basic Full Text
05.25.2017 Above-normal Atlantic hurricane season is most likely this year NOAA News Basic Full Text
05.16.2017 Air-sea heat flux climatologies in the Mediterranean Sea: Surface energy balance and its consistency with ocean heat storage Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Expert Summary
05.14.2017 Africa feeling the heat of climate change The New Times (Rwanda) Basic Full Text
05.10.2017 Different places warm at different paces University of Bergen Basic Full Text
05.04.2017 Reconciling controversies about the 'global warming hiatus' Nature Expert Summary
05.02.2017 WCS STUDY: Some - But Not All - Corals Adapting to Warming Climate Wildlife Conservation Society Basic Full Text
05.01.2017 Tropical Precipitation and Cross-Equatorial Ocean Heat Transport during the Mid-Holocene Journal of Climate Expert Summary
04.25.2017 Six countries team up to conduct research in Northwest Atlantic Dalhousie University Basic Full Text
04.25.2017 Warm winds are weakening Antarctic ice shelves (UPI) United Press International Basic Full Text
04.17.2017 Models, observations not so far apart on planet's response to greenhouse gas emissions University of Washington Basic Full Text
04.11.2017 UN announces first-ever World Ocean Festival United Nations Basic Full Text
04.10.2017 Two-thirds of Great Barrier Reef hit by back-to-back mass coral bleaching ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Basic Full Text
04.01.2017 The threat to coral reefs from more intense cyclones under climate change Global Change Biology Expert Summary
03.27.2017 Experts Say Climate Change May Be Making African Drought Worse Voice of America Basic Full Text
03.23.2017 Corals Die as Global Warming Collides with Local Weather in the South China Sea Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Basic Full Text
03.16.2017 Climate putting stress on oceans Nature Expert Summary
03.15.2017 How an Ice Age paradox could inform sea level rise predictions University of Michigan Basic Full Text
03.13.2017 Could leftover heat from last El Niño fuel a new one? NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
03.01.2017 Monsoonal intraseasonal oscillations in the ocean heat content over the surface layers of the Bay of Bengal Journal of Marine Systems Expert Summary
02.09.2017 Reconciling Estimates of Ocean Heating and Earth's Radiation Budget Current Climate Change Reports Expert Full Text
02.01.2017 Antarctic Bottom Waters Freshening at Unexpected Rate Scripps Institution of Oceanography Basic Full Text
01.23.2017 Eddy saturation and frictional control of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current Geophysical Research Letters Expert Full Text
01.09.2017 NASA taps ESA satellite Swarm for salty ocean temperature tales The Register Basic Full Text
01.09.2017 Short-lived greenhouse gases cause centuries of sea-level rise Massachusetts Institute of Technology Basic Full Text
01.01.2017 A paleo-perspective on ocean heat content: Lessons from the Holocene and Common Era Quaternary Science Reviews Expert Summary
11.28.2016 Idea to cut NASA's role in climate science could be major loss for Maine, scientists say Portland Press Herald Basic Full Text
11.22.2016 Oceanic 'heat sink' University of Delaware Basic Full Text
10.31.2016 Hurricanes From 3 Million Years Ago Give Clues About Present Storms Texas A&M University Basic Full Text
10.27.2016 Why I'm spending three months sailing right around Antarctica for science The Conversation Basic Full Text
10.24.2016 Reconstructing Ocean Climate History EOS: Earth & Space Science News Basic Full Text
10.10.2016 Researchers predict growing number of Hurricane Sandy-like storm surges in future Princeton University Basic Full Text
09.06.2016 Why the ocean is key to climate protection Deutsche Welle Basic Full Text
09.05.2016 Mega-study on oceans predicts super-storms, massive life loss Haaretz Basic Full Text
08.02.2016 The Gulf of Mexico's sea surface temperature could help predict the likelihood of summer storm activity, study says NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
08.02.2016 2015 State of the Climate: El Niño came, saw, and conquered NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
08.02.2016 2015 State of the Climate: Ocean heat storage NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
07.28.2016 Climate science: Unexpected fix for ocean models Nature | News & Views Expert Summary
07.12.2016 Gulf stream slowdown to spare Europe from worst of climate change University of Sussex Basic Full Text
07.07.2016 Forests of the sea in Western Australia slashed by marine heatwave ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) Basic Full Text
07.05.2016 Evidence for Ocean Warming Wunderground Basic Full Text
06.27.2016 Using timing of ice retreat to predict timing of fall freeze-up in the Arctic Geophysical Research Letters Expert Summary
06.20.2016 A deeper understanding about the causes of sea-level rise Physorg.com Basic Full Text
06.07.2016 What's Working? Inspiring Ambitious Coalitions for the Ocean and Climate The Huffington Post Basic Full Text
06.01.2016 Oceanography: Leading the hiatus research surge Nature Climate Change Expert Full Text
06.01.2016 The Vertical Structure of Tropospheric Water Vapor: Comparing Radiative and Ocean-Driven Climate Changes Journal of Climate Expert Summary
05.30.2016 Deep, old water explains why Antarctic Ocean hasn't warmed University of Washington Basic Full Text
05.18.2016 Warming due to carbon dioxide jumped by half in 25 years NOAA News Basic Full Text
05.05.2016 Expanding tropics are pushing high altitude clouds towards poles NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
05.04.2016 Dead zones devour oceans' oxygen Climate News Network Basic Full Text
04.22.2016 Plastic in the ocean University of Delaware Basic Full Text
04.10.2016 Simulating the Ocean and Sea Ice Demystifying Climate Models Expert Summary
03.30.2016 Tracking 'marine heatwaves' since 1950 - and how the 'blob' stacks up University of Washington Basic Full Text
03.29.2016 Australia's Great Barrier Reef hit by 'worst' bleaching BBC News Basic Full Text
03.28.2016 Ocean temps predict U.S. heat waves 50 days out, study finds University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Basic Full Text
03.01.2016 Studying Earth in the New Millennium: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Contributions to Earth Science and Applications Space Agencies NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Expert Summary
02.24.2016 Is El Niño AWOL? NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
02.15.2016 Thirsty continents are slowing down expected sea level rise, scientists say Los Angeles Times Basic Full Text
02.01.2016 Enhanced Atlantic Sea Level Rise Relative to the Pacific Under High Carbon Emission Rates Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA) Basic Full Text
01.25.2016 Climate Change: Ocean Warming Underestimated Universität Bonn Basic Full Text
01.21.2016 Ocean Heat Content Increasing The Independent (Livermore, Ca.) Basic Full Text
01.19.2016 Jason-3 launches to monitor global sea level rise Global Climate Change - NASA Basic Full Text
01.01.2016 Extreme Research Shows How Arctic Ice Is Dwindling National Geographic Basic Full Text
11.23.2015 The deep ocean under climate change Science / AAAS Expert Summary
11.13.2015 Climate change in the oceans: Human impacts and responses Science / AAAS Expert Summary
11.13.2015 The silent services of the world ocean Science / AAAS Expert Summary
11.12.2015 Deep-Ocean Protections May Help Mitigate Climate Change Scripps Institution of Oceanography Basic Full Text
10.21.2015 Ocean Heat Content Reveals Secrets of Fish Migration Behaviors University of Miami Basic Full Text
10.19.2015 Warming Oceans May Threaten Krill, a Cornerstone of the Antarctic Ecosystem New York Times Basic Full Text
10.19.2015 Studying 2015 El Niño event as never before NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
10.08.2015 Scientists say a dramatic worldwide coral bleaching event is now underway Washington Post Basic Full Text
10.05.2015 The ocean's role in the transient response of climate to abrupt greenhouse gas forcing Climate Dynamics Expert Full Text
09.26.2015 Are El Nino Years getting Warmer? Accuweather Basic Full Text
09.16.2015 Modelling Caribbean Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Trends CO2 Science Basic Full Text
08.30.2015 Three Category 4 Hurricanes in the Pacific Ocean: How Rare Is That? The Weather Channel Basic Full Text
08.27.2015 Sea levels will rise, experts warn, and 'it's not going to stop' Los Angeles Times Basic Full Text
08.27.2015 Ocean warming and acidification needs more attention, argues US The Guardian Basic Full Text
08.17.2015 1,800 Years of Global Ocean Cooling Halted by Global Warming University of Maryland Basic Full Text
08.15.2015 Southern Ocean contributions to the Eastern Equatorial Pacific heat content during the Holocene Earth and Planetary Science Letters Expert Summary
08.15.2015 Southern Ocean contributions to the Eastern Equatorial Pacific heat content during the Holocene Earth and Planetary Science Letters Expert Summary
08.13.2015 August 2015 El Niño update: Supercalifragilisticexpealidocious NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
08.05.2015 El Nino conditions are growing stronger NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
08.04.2015 Just 5 questions: Sea surface topography NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
08.03.2015 Sucking carbon from the sky may do little to slow climate change American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Basic Full Text
08.01.2015 Responses of surface heat flux, sea ice and ocean dynamics in the Chukchi-Beaufort sea to storm passages during winter 2006/2007: A numerical study Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers Expert Summary
07.21.2015 A Long Neglected Damper in the El Niño-Typhoon Relationship: a 'Gaia-Like' Process Scientific Reports Expert Full Text
07.09.2015 NASA finds oceans slowed global temperature rise NASA Basic Full Text
07.07.2015 Unusually warm water off Monterey Bay spikes sea surface temperatures KSBW (Monterey) Basic Full Text
06.18.2015 Global warming: Growing feedback from ocean carbon to climate Nature News Basic Full Text
06.18.2015 Jason-3 satellite arrives at California launch site NASA Basic Full Text
06.04.2015 Much-touted global warming pause never happened Science / AAAS Basic Full Text
05.18.2015 Heat is Piling Up in the Depths of the Indian Ocean Climate Central Basic Full Text
05.04.2015 Warm oceans caused hottest Dust Bowl years ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Science Excellence Basic Full Text
04.21.2015 Jason-3 will add to record of the sea's rise and fall NASA Basic Full Text
04.11.2015 Weird US weather: Blame the big warm blob in the Pacific Christian Science Monitor Basic Full Text
03.25.2015 Seasonal cycle of the mixed layer, the seasonal thermocline and the upper-ocean heat storage rate in the Mediterranean Sea derived from observations Progress in Oceanography Expert Summary
02.27.2015 Dominance of the Southern Ocean in Anthropogenic Carbon and Heat Uptake in CMIP5 Models Journal of Climate Expert Summary
02.26.2015 Interaction of ocean oscillations caused 'false pause' in global warming Penn State News Basic Full Text
02.19.2015 Arctic ice warms from below Nature Expert Summary
02.06.2015 Huge, Slow-Moving 'Internal' Waves Wreak Havoc Discovery News Basic Full Text
02.01.2015 Anomalous chlorofluorocarbon uptake by mesoscale eddies in the Drake Passage region Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Expert Summary
01.28.2015 Distinct Rise in Global Ocean Temperatures Detected Scripps Institution of Oceanography Basic Full Text
01.26.2015 La Nina Events May Spike with Climate Change LiveScience Basic Full Text
01.14.2015 Probabilistic reanalysis of twentieth-century sea-level rise Nature Expert Summary
01.07.2015 Oceans soak less carbon due to global warming ZME Science Basic Full Text
01.01.2015 The Tropical Precipitation Response to Andes Topography and Ocean Heat Fluxes in an Aquaplanet Model Journal of Climate Expert Summary
12.19.2014 Coral reveals long-term link between Pacific winds, global climate University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Basic Full Text
12.11.2014 Sea level rise: Global warming's yardstick NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Basic Full Text
12.05.2014 2014 surprisingly rough on coral reefs, and El Niño looms in 2015 NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
12.04.2014 El Nino's 'remote control' on hurricanes in the Northeastern Pacific ScienceDaily Basic Full Text
12.01.2014 Diurnal Variations of Albedo Retrieved from Earth Radiation Budget Experiment Measurements Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology Expert Summary
11.15.2014 A Conceptual Model of Ocean Heat Uptake under Climate Change Journal of Climate Expert Summary
10.16.2014 Climatological monthly heat and freshwater flux estimates on a global scale from Argo Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Expert Summary
10.05.2014 Different depths reveal ocean warming trends BBC News Basic Full Text
09.30.2014 Southern Ocean's role in climate regulation, ocean health goal of $21 million federal grant SOCCOM (Princeton University) Basic Full Text
08.24.2014 Climate Bomb? Methane Vents Bubble on Seafloor off East Coast: Study NBC News Basic Full Text
08.22.2014 New theory may help explain global warming pause CBS News Basic Full Text
08.21.2014 Data Snapshots: Sea Surface Temperature on August 19, 2014 NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
07.20.2014 Mixing it up: Study provides new insight into Southern Ocean behaviour e! Science News Basic Full Text
07.20.2014 Oceans vital for possibility for alien life ScienceDaily Basic Full Text
07.10.2014 What's the Mystery Behind West Antarctica's Disappearing Ice? NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
07.02.2014 Global Ocean Commission Charts Course for High Seas Recovery Triple Pundit Basic Full Text
06.20.2014 Learn the scientific reasons behind Earth's seasons NBC News Basic Full Text
06.10.2014 Researchers Find Major West Antarctic Glacier Melting from Geothermal Sources University of Texas at Austin Basic Full Text
04.15.2014 UMaine Researcher: Ocean Stratification Drove Disintegration of Scotland Ice Cap UMaine News Basic Full Text
03.31.2014 Arctic melt season lengthening, ocean rapidly warming ScienceDaily Basic Full Text
03.28.2014 Impact of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on ocean heat storage and transient climate change Geophysical Research Letters Expert Summary
03.18.2014 El Niño or La Nada? University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Basic Full Text
03.18.2014 Future Flood Zones for New York City NOAA Climate.gov Basic Full Text
03.03.2014 Global warming felt to deepest reaches of ocean McGill University Basic Full Text
02.18.2014 Troubled waters in Arctic The Denver Post Basic Full Text
02.14.2014 Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus Nature Climate Change Expert Summary
01.15.2014 Decadal Evolution of Ocean Thermal Anomalies in the North Atlantic: The Effects of Ekman, Overturning, and Horizontal Transport Journal of Climate Expert Full Text
01.07.2014 Scientists to study Pacific Ocean's "global chimney" National Science Foundation Basic Full Text
01.01.2014 Ocean model open boundary conditions with volume, heat and salinity conservation constraints Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Expert Summary
12.06.2013 Ocean 2050: How to sustain our biggest ecosystem BBC News Basic Full Text
10.31.2013 Global Warming as Viewed from the Deep Ocean Rutgers University Basic Full Text
10.03.2013 Latest review of science reveals ocean in critical state from cumulative impacts International Programme on the State of the Ocean (IPSO) Basic Full Text
09.27.2013 U.N. climate change report points blame at humans CNN Basic Full Text
09.27.2013 Climate Models Show Potential 21st Century Temperature, Precipitation Changes NASA Basic Full Text
09.09.2013 'La Nada' climate pattern lingers in the Pacific NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
09.01.2013 Effects of ocean warming and acidification on survival, growth and skeletal development in the early benthic juvenile sea urchin (Heliocidaris erythrogramma) Global Change Biology Expert Summary
08.19.2013 Global sea level rise temporarily dampened by 2010-11 Australia floods National Science Foundation Basic Full Text
07.25.2013 Study explains Pacific equatorial cold water region Oregon State University Basic Full Text
07.25.2013 North Atlantic Ocean control on surface heat flux on multidecadal timescales Nature Expert Summary
06.07.2013 Century-Old Science Helps Confirm Global Warming NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory 1 Basic Summary
05.29.2013 Is More Global Warming Hiding in the Oceans? U.S. News & World Report Basic Full Text
05.28.2013 Detection of an observed 135 year ocean temperature change from limited data Geophysical Research Letters Expert Summary
04.08.2013 Probing the Reasons Behind The Changing Pace of Warming Yale Environment 360 Basic Full Text
04.01.2013 Connecting Changing Ocean Circulation with Changing Climate Journal of Climate Expert Summary
03.27.2013 Surprising Depth to Global Warming's Effects LiveScience Basic Full Text
02.11.2013 New Simulations Question the Gulf Stream's Role in Tempering Europe's Winters Scientific American Basic Full Text
02.06.2013 Pacific locked in 'La Nada' limbo NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
01.03.2013 El Niños Are Highly Unpredictable ScienceNOW Basic Full Text
12.05.2012 Arctic continues to break records in 2012: Becoming warmer, greener region with record losses of summer sea ice and late spring snow NOAA News Basic Full Text
11.30.2012 NOAA proposes listing 66 reef-building coral species under the Endangered Species Act NOAA News Basic Full Text
11.29.2012 Ice sheet loss at both poles increasing, study finds NASA Climate Change News Basic Full Text
10.17.2012 Mathematics and the ocean: Movement, mixing and climate modeling EurekaAlert! Basic Full Text
10.09.2012 Westerly storms warm Norway The Research Council of Norway Basic Full Text
10.07.2012 Climate Is Changing the Great Barrier Reef ScienceDaily Basic Full Text
10.04.2012 Weather-Making High-Pressure Systems Predicted to Intensify Duke University Basic Full Text
07.10.2012 Back-to-back La Niñas cooled globe and influenced extreme weather in 2011 NOAA News Basic Full Text
06.25.2012 Research Highlight: New Analysis Confirms Fingerprint of Fossil Fuel Use in Rising Ocean Temperatures Explorations Now (Scripps Institution of Oceanography) Basic Full Text
05.04.2012 Latest Southern Ocean research shows continuing deep ocean change Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population & Communities (Australian government) Basic Full Text
04.15.2012 The impact of Arctic sea ice on the Arctic energy budget and on the climate of the Northern mid-latitudes Climate Dynamics Expert Full Text
04.01.2012 New Comparison of Ocean Temperatures Reveals Rise Over the Last Century ScienceDaily Basic Full Text
04.01.2012 135 years of global ocean warming between the Challenger expedition and the Argo Programme Nature Climate Change Expert Summary
03.13.2012 Rising Sea Levels Seen as Threat to Coastal U.S. New York Times Basic Full Text
02.28.2012 A climate window in the Southern Ocean MIT News Basic Full Text
02.01.2012 Tasman Sea a "hotspot" for ocean warming Australian Geographic Basic Full Text
01.09.2012 Carbon emissions 'will defer Ice Age' BBC News Basic Full Text
09.19.2011 Deep oceans may mask global warming for years at a time EurekaAlert! Basic Full Text
06.02.2011 New NASA Salt Mapper to Spice Up Climate Forecasts NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Basic Full Text
03.30.2011 Warm Water Causes Extra-cold Winters in Northeastern North America and Northeastern Asia California Institute of Technology Basic Full Text
03.01.2011 Climate Change Makes Major Snowstorms More Likely Union of Concerned Scientists Basic Full Text
02.15.2011 Intercomparisons of Air-Sea Heat Fluxes over the Southern Ocean Journal of Climate Expert Summary
10.06.2010 Coral Records Show Ocean Thermocline Rise With Global Warming National Science Foundation Basic Full Text
09.20.2010 Scientists Find 20 Years of Deep Water Warming Leading to Sea Level Rise NOAA News Basic Full Text
09.17.2010 Extreme weather linked to warming Cape Cod Times Basic Full Text
05.19.2010 Oceans warmed in recent decades ScienceNews Basic Full Text
05.01.2010 An assessment of the latent and sensible heat flux on the simulated regional climate over Southwestern South Atlantic Ocean CLIMATE DYNAMICS Expert Summary
04.15.2010 'Missing' Heat May Affect Future Climate Change ScienceDaily Basic Full Text
08.17.2009 Changes In Net Flow Of Ocean Heat Correlate With Past Climate Anomalies ScienceDaily Basic Full Text
04.22.2009 Towards closure of regional heat budgets in the North Atlantic using Argo floats and surface flux datasets Ocean Science Expert Summary
05.29.2008 Overheating Antarctica Nature Reports Climate Change Basic Summary
04.18.2008 Lakes of Meltwater Can Crack Greenland's Ice and Contribute to Faster Ice Sheet Flow Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Press Release Basic Full Text
03.04.2008 On the history of meridional overturning circulation schematic diagrams Progress in Oceanography Expert Summary
01.10.2008 As arctic ice melts, South Pole ice grows Christian Science Monitor Basic Full Text
01.07.2008 Saharan dust clouds could aid hurricane prediction New Scientist Basic Summary
11.08.2007 Double Vision NASA Earth Observatory 2 Basic Full Text
11.07.2007 Through a Glass Darkly: Envisioning Ocean Heat Budget NASA Earth System Science Data and Services 2 Basic Full Text
09.27.2007 In Hot Water: Ice Age Defrosted by Warming Ocean, Not Rise in CO2 Scientific American Basic Full Text
08.17.2007 Warmer Ocean Fuels Hurricane Dean LiveScience 1 Basic Full Text
05.31.2007 Research finds evidence tropical cyclones have climate-control role Purdue University 3 Basic Full Text
02.27.2007 Risk of rising sea level to population and land area EOS Newspaper of the American Geophyscial Union Expert Summary
02.20.2007 Effects of eddies on Bay of Bengal cyclone intensity EOS Newspaper of the American Geophyscial Union Basic Summary