Scientist-Educator Collaborative Workshop
How Can We Predict the Impact of Climate Change in the Ocean?
Held at the New England Center on the University of New Hampshire Campus
Friday, March 13, 2009 through Saturday, March 14, 2009
Click Images to Enlarge
Original concept map created by Janet Campbell
Digital concept map created in the COSEE Concept Map Builder
Consensus concept map created using the COSEE-OS Concept Map Builder
Click Buttons for
Presentation Videos & Maps

About this Workshop:
For this workshop, 12 educators from the New England area were matched with ocean and climate scientists from the University of New Hampshire to improve their collective understanding of Earth's major ocean - climate systems. [more]

About this Scientist:
Janet Campbell is the director of the Center of Excellence for Coastal Ocean Observation and Analysis (COOA) at the University of New Hampshire. She also leads the Bio-Optical Oceanography Group, an informal team of research scientists and graduate students within the Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory. [more]
Click Images to Learn More About the Educators
Who Worked on this Concept Map
Jill Denniston
Julianne Mueller-Northcott
Janet Campbell
Scientist Janet Campbell explains the concept map and its development:

Even though water covers over 70% of the globe, most people don't think about how climate change might impact the ocean. Those of us who live on land tend to notice changes in the atmosphere such as air temperature, precipitation, storm activity, cloudiness, air pollution, carbon dioxide levels, etc. The ocean also interacts with the atmosphere and thus is changing with climate, as well; noticeable changes include ocean currents, ocean temperature, and shifts in marine biological patterns (e.g., phytoplankton, zooplankton, fish abundance and species diversity). Drastic changes in climate can lead to dramatic consequences incluing sea level rise and ocean acidification.

The vast and remote nature of the ocean makes it difficult to observe climate change impacts. While the global ocean surface can be monitored by satellites, sub-surface ocean data is sparse. These sub-surface data are available mostly from buoys and occasional ship surveys. Likewise, paleoclimate data from the oceans are limited to sediment cores. Thus the development of reliable "diagnostic" computer models is key to understanding how and why the ocean has changed in the past. Such diagnostic models can also help to create "prognostic" models, with the goal of predicting how the oceans might respond to future climate change scenarios.
View All Concept Maps Created at this Workshop
Concept map